Key Documents

Examples of unreliable forensic evidence and an indication of the scale of the relevant issues are provided by the following documents.

Footwear, interpretation and quality system failures

R v T [2010] EWCA Crim 2439

Gunshot residue and interpretation

R v George [2007] EWCA Crim 2722


Scottish Fingerprint Enquiry Report (2011)

Feature comparison (marks and impressions)

PCAST Report (2016)

Forensic evidence in general

House of Lords [UK] Science and Technology Select Committee 3rd Report of Session 2017–19 Forensic science and the criminal justice system: a blueprint for change

National Academies of Sciences Report (2009) Strengthening forensic science in the United Sates: a path forward

The Law Commission (2011) No.325 Expert Evidence in Criminal Proceedings in England & Wales